We want to tell you about a wonderful country - Azerbaijan, about its unique nature, unique culture, centuries-old history; about the inhabitants of this country - their lives, customs and traditions; about a young, but already playing an important role in the world politics state. The etymology of the name "Azerbaijan" has an ancient origin. It is known that the majority of the population living in this territory even before our era were fire-worshipers.
So, according to one version, the name came from the word "Azer", which means fire, flame. According to another version, the name of the country comes from the combination of the words "az" and "er", used in ancient times in the territory of Azerbaijan. In Turkic languages the word "az" has such meanings as "good aspiration", "lucky destiny", and "er (brave) man", "son of a brave", "guardian of fire". Time has preserved for us many archaeological and architectural monuments of antiquity. Stone epitaphs, manuscripts that have come down to us from the depths of centuries carpet patterns tell a lot about those who know how, and most importantly they want to read them. Azerbaijan is a country of ancient culture and traditions. The Oguz tribes moved here for centuries in this territory assimilated with the local population, which had deep cultural roots and, in turn, enriched this culture with common Turkic traditions. The talent and the creative heritage of the Azerbaijani people are personified in the Kitabi-Dede Gorgud, Oguznam, Kyoroglu and many other epic monuments. This fertile, generous and tender land was the cradle of many thinkers, philosophers, scientists, poets, architects, musicians, artists. According to legend, Zardusht (Zoroaster) was born on this earth. The Azerbaijani land gave mankind such geniuses as Nizami Ganjavi, Khagani Shirvani, Bahmanyar, Nasimi, Fuzuli, Nasiraddin Tusi, Shah Ismail Khatai, Molla Panah Vagif, A. Bakikhanov, MF Akhundov, M. A. Sabir, J. Mamedkulizadeh , Huseyn Javid, J. Jabbarly, Samad Vurgun, Aliaga Wahid, Rasul Rza. The picturesque nature of this country was reflected in the art canvases of Sattar Bahlulzade, Tahir Salahov, Togrul Narimanbekov, Mikail Abdullayev and other talented artists of the brush. Folk music, mughams, inspired such outstanding composers as Uzeir Hajibeyov, Muslim Magomayev, Kara Karaev, Fikret Amirov, Niyazi, Arif Melikov to write works that today sounded all over the world, gave us such singers who have a magical, charming voice like Bulbul , Rashid Behbudov. AzerbaijanThe well-known Azerbaijani carpets seem to have absorbed all colors, colors of nature, the entire rich history of this region. Today they, like magic carpets, not knowing the boundaries of time and space, reach the most distant countries. Many museums of the world hold samples of decorative art created by Azerbaijani craftsmen in metal, ceramics, silk and wood. For decades, the industry of the country was represented by oil production, chemical industry, metallurgy, machine building, and agriculture - cotton growing, viticulture, vegetable growing and livestock. If we compare the economy of Azerbaijan to a living organism, then we can say that oil flows through its "veins." The extraction of oil and combustible gas has made this place famous since ancient times. Azerbaijan has been known since ancient times for its burning hearths, ateshgahs (fire temples). On Apsheron there is a place called Yanardag (burning mountain). In Nakhchivan, Kalbajar, Lankaran, Babadag ... hot waters flow out of the earth. In Surakhani there is eternally burning and never extinguishing Ateshgah (temple of fire). Over the centuries, from far away countries, fire worshipers, even priests from India, came to Apsheron to bow to fire and their main chapel was created here - in Surakhani Ateshgah (fire temple). And today saying "Azerbaijan" before his eyes appears his main wealth - oil. Oil is not only wealth, but also glory. In distant times from distant countries came to this region for a liquid with a specific smell and color. For millennia, filled with wineskins, oil was transported by camel caravans to the East, West. Oil exported from Azerbaijan was used not only for illumination, but also as a valuable medicine against many diseases. The territory of Azerbaijan - 86.6 thousand square meters. km. The capital is Baku of the independent Azerbaijan Republic, a large scientific and technical and industrial center. By its antiquity, the size of the territory and population, Baku is one of the oldest and largest cities in the East. Area, population. The city of Baku is located in the south of Absheron peninsula, on the Caspian coast, its area is 2200 sq. Km. km, the population is about 2 million. In addition, about 500,000 refugees and internally displaced persons, expelled by the Armenian invaders from the occupied regions and the Armenian Republic, live in the city of Baku. Baku includes 11 administrative districts, 5 urban-type settlements. AzerbaijanLarge Lake, km2 Sarysu - 67.0 Akgöl - 56.2 Agzyb